All those liquids made out of soy, almond, rice, coconut or oats won’t be called milk anymore, if the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has its way. According to the government body’s definition, the word “milk” only refers to lactate from an animal, preferably a cow. And whatever was squeezed out of that soybean
Tens of thousands of years before Swiss inventor Karl Elsener attached a corkscrew to a pocketknife, Neanderthals had their own multipurpose tools: hand axes. These four- or five-inch (10 -13 centimetre) stones were cut into large teardrop shapes, with wide bases that tapered to twin cutting edges. Neanderthals used hand axes to chop and carve
Egyptian archaeologists on Thursday pried open a mysterious 30-ton black sarcophagus and found three skeletons, including one that had suffered a blow to the skull. Legends abounded about the sarcophagus, which construction workers found earlier this month more than 16 feet (5 metres) below ground in a residential area of Alexandria. Some observers thought it
In one of the largest studies of its kind, scientists have made a fascinating discovery. Nearly 40 percent of people have a first memory that is entirely fictional. It’s not that their memories are muddled and out of sequence – but that they never happened at all. Researchers surveyed 6,641 people about the earliest memories
The 10:23 am emergency call to the 23000 block of Buckland Lane was dispatched as a reported bee sting. Responding firefighters quickly discovered how big of an understatement that was. When their truck pulled up to the home in Lake Forest, California, they saw a cleaning lady being attacked by a swarm of some 80,000
Until recently, if you asked most experts when the first human beings arrived and settled in North America, you’d get an answer along the lines of 13,500 years ago. But over the last few years, evidence has been mounting that humans arrived at the continent earlier. And now a massive discovery of hundreds of thousands
I like the catchy term that scientists recently came up with to describe a common psychological phenomenon: the “invisibility cloak illusion”. I don’t quite like what it describes. According to the scientists, and their 2016 paper in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, we incorrectly assume that other people aren’t paying nearly as much
Historians and archaeologists have traditionally linked bread to the dawn of agriculture, when people domesticated plants such as wheat, cultivated them and ground them into flour. But a new discovery of blackened crumbs at an ancient stone building in the Middle East indicates that people were baking bread thousands of years earlier. Based on the
An entire previously unknown burial complex has been uncovered in the Egyptian desert necropolis of Saqqara. The finds centre on a mummification workshop, where priests prepared the bodies of the deceased for burial – a burial shaft in its middle tunnelled up to 30 metres (98 feet) underground. Down this shaft, archaeologists found a number
Narcissists aren’t hard to spot. You can tell them from the way they act, how they’re raised, or where they live. Even, apparently, their eyebrows. But where does this grandiose sense of self-importance and entitlement actually come from? A new study from psychologists in Germany suggests the answers might not be as simple as what
A blood pattern analysis of the Shroud of Turin has revealed that there’s just absolutely no way the stains could have been made by a body laying flat on the fabric. A pair of researchers have found that the blood-like splotches on the linen cloth are inconsistent with each other – some can only have
It sounds like a line out of a horror movie. On Friday Ryanair flight FR7312 rapidly lost altitude and had to make an emergency landing in Germany, and over 30 passengers were taken to hospital. Some of the passengers were bleeding out of their ears, while others had headaches, ear aches and nausea. During a
A new video tells you what the pharmaceutical company doesn’t want you to know: a miracle cancer cure, discovered in 1816 and derived from moss, totally works and is easy to purchase online. The video, as Wired reported, quickly racked up millions of views. But those who followed the video description’s instructions to “Watch until
An empty, overturned wooden boat has been found drifting off Japan’s western coast, and it could mark the start of another flood of “ghost ships” from North Korea to wash up on Japan’s shores. The vessel, measuring 8-meters (26-feet) long, was found floating in a rocky area off the island of Hokkaido on Wednesday afternoon,
A vaping pilot on board an Air China Boeing 737 is believed to have caused his plane to make an emergency descent in search of breathable air on Tuesday. The BBC, citing Chinese investigators, reported that the first officer of Air China Flight CA106 accidentally shut off the plane’s air conditioning system – causing insufficient
The words “published in a peer reviewed journal” are sometimes considered as the gold standard in science. But any professional scientist will tell you that the fact an article has undergone peer review is a long way from an ironclad guarantee of quality. To know what science you should really trust you need to weigh
An Egyptian archaeological mission found an enormous sarcophagus – the largest ever to be found in Alexandria – made from a striking black marble. It’s been closed for 2,000 years, according to Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities, and no one knows who’s inside. “Experts have not yet determined to whom the tomb belongs,” Mostafa Waziri, the
Have you ever looked at your partner lovingly and felt your heart flutter, palms sweat, or mood instantly get better? That’s because falling in love actually changes what happens in your body – for the better. When in love, neurochemicals like dopamine and oxytocin flood our brains in areas associated with pleasure and rewards, producing
Of all the animals, humans have evolved pretty spectacular hands. Our particular manual configuration is unique in the animal kingdom, which means we were probably doing something differently from our primate cousins. Now anthropologists think they have figured out a previously overlooked activity: cracking open bones to get to the rich, fatty, calorie-dense marrow inside.
The t-shirt representation of human evolution as a sequence of hunched primates standing tall is a popular cliché. Of course, deep down we know it has to be more complicated. New research argues we seriously don’t know the half of it – the journey of humanity is far more diverse than we ever imagined. Scientists
Experts think they might have found the oldest-ever Greek copy of The Odyssey, the epic poem by Homer which is widely regarded as one of the most significant works of literature ever put down on paper… or rather clay. An ancient slab of stone thought to date back to the 3rd century CE looks to
Not many of us can lay claim to being Nobel-Prize-winning theoretical physicists, but even if we’re not Albert Einstein, we can still visualise ourselves in the great scientist’s shoes. If we can do that, surprising things might happen. A new study by scientists in Spain showed that when people assumed Einstein’s physical identity as part
The 12 boys and their soccer coach who spent more than two weeks trapped in the Tham Luang cave system in Thailand have all been safely rescued from the cave, but their ordeal isn’t over yet. The boys will be monitored while in isolation for at least a week at a hospital in Chiang Rai, according
All twelve boys and their soccer coach have been successfully rescued from a Thai cave complex after an 18-day ordeal that gripped the world. Because the team was trapped in an underground tunnel, 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) from the mouth of the cave, getting them out was an ordeal: The boys had to travel that
Archaeological digs around ancient Egyptian sites still have plenty of secrets to give up yet – like the huge, black granite sarcophagus just discovered at an excavation in the city of Alexandria, on the northern coast of Egypt. What really stands out about the solemn-looking coffin is its size. At 185 cm (72.8 inches) tall,
They were called the Hòabìnhian: an ancient society of hunter-gatherers who populated Southeast Asia for some 40,000 years, until the dawn of agriculture around four millennia ago. When the farms came, the age-old ways of these prehistoric foragers disappeared into history, but it’s never been settled how their time on Earth drew to a close.
Some divers rescuing the boys trapped in a cave in northern Thailand have traversed about 10 miles (16 km) over the past two days. The second shift of the rescue effort to evacuate the trapped soccer team saw a team of 18 Thai and international divers guide four boys about 2 1/2 miles (4 kilometres) to
A man and a woman were found unconscious in Wiltshire, England, on July, after having been exposed to the nerve agent Novichok. This is the same substance that was used to poison the former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in March. The second incidence of poisonings has reignited fear and speculation about the
What was your first memory? It’s never a memory of being a baby – most people’s earliest memory is from when they were around three or four years old. But why can we not remember our infant memories? And are they really lost, or just forgotten? A team of neuroscientists from the University of Toronto
The first four boys who were trapped in the cave in Thailand have been rescued and are in “perfect” health. The boys had to travel about 2.5 miles (4 kilometres) with oxygen tanks, tethered to cave divers to exit. About 0.6 miles (1 kilometre) of the journey was underwater, where everyone had to wear full
Authorities on Sunday began the lengthy process of extracting a group of boys and their soccer coach from a flooded cave in northern Thailand, racing against impending rains to free them more than two weeks after the group was trapped there. The boys and the coach will dive out of the cave one at a
Why do many problems in life seem to stubbornly stick around, no matter how hard people work to fix them? It turns out that a quirk in the way human brains process information means that when something becomes rare, we sometimes see it in more places than ever. Think of a “neighborhood watch” made up
As the Ancient Greeks used to say, “Know Thyself.” It probably was meant a little more philosophically that we’re choosing to interpret it, but learning about how your body is put together and why is some seriously fun stuff. We’ve all marvelled at our fingers and toes, wrinkling into prunes in the bath. We’ve all
Starting your morning by focusing on the stress to come may harm your mindset throughout the day, according to a new study. The researchers found that when participants woke up feeling like the day ahead would be stressful, their working memory—which helps people learn and retain information even when they’re distracted—was lower later in the
It was one heck of a Thursday for the John Hopkins Hospital researchers in Baltimore, Maryland, after a tuberculosis (TB) scare evacuated multiple buildings. At around 12 pm, a vial of frozen Mycobacterium tuberculosis was dropped onto the floor in an internal bridge that connects the hospital’s Cancer Research Building 1 to Cancer Research Building
It’s become something of a national meme in the UK that 97-year-old Prince Philip might say something culturally insensitive when he’s out in public. Similarly, people may find their grandparents say more unpalatable things as they get older. These remarks are brushed off because older people “are from a different time,” and “it’s a different
Find your passion, they say. As if it were easy. As if, just by looking around the place, you might stumble into what you love – a glimmering spark hidden, just out of sight, until that very moment. It doesn’t work that way, psychologists say in a new paper examining the basis of people’s interests.
For the first time, scientists have measured what actually happens with face-to-face interactions when employees start to work at an open-plan office – and their results show these modern workspaces are not as collaborative as you’d think. Two researchers from Harvard Business School and Harvard University wanted to empirically test whether removing walls at a
It may be Independence Day, but there’s nothing revolutionary about the way your 4th of July fireworks are made. Fireworks have been built from a mix of explosive powder, chemicals, and glue for ages. The earliest fireworks shows date back more than a thousand years. But not all fireworks are built the same. You can’t
Three passengers had been thrown from the car and lay immobile in the middle of the road, almost impossible to spot in the hours before dawn. A fourth crash victim was conscious and walking around the battered vehicle, which had come to a stop in the middle of the road from Johannesburg to Carletonville early
You are in a room. There is a marshmallow in front of you. An adult says if you don’t eat it, there’ll be more. The adult leaves. What do you do? This torturous predicament is the famous marshmallow test: an experiment designed by psychologists in the 1960s to gauge how successfully children can control their
If you’re looking for inspiration for your Fourth of July party, look no further than this incredible firework ladder that blazes its way into the sky. This fiery art installation was created by renowned Chinese-born artist Cai Guo-Qiang in June 2015 and, as you can see, it’s pretty damn breathtaking. It begins like a pretty
Twelve members of a boys’ soccer team in Thailand and their coach have been found alive nine days after the group was trapped in a cave in the northern part of the country. The governor of Chiang Rai province, Narongsak Osatanakorn, said that all 13 were found safe at about 10:30 pm local time Monday.
If you’re going to slather on sunscreen before jumping in the water, you might want to check the label first. The state of Hawaii is moving forward with a groundbreaking plan to ban the sale of all sunscreens containing the chemicals oxybenzone and octinoxate by the beginning of 2021. The Hawaii senate just sent the
A picture is worth a thousand words. Unfortunately, those words sometimes speak lies. A new analysis of almost 1,000 scientific papers has revealed a shocking number contained inappropriately duplicated images – and while many of these resulted from honest mistakes, about one in ten of the papers caught out ended up being retracted. That’s a
Stress is great. It makes us faster, stronger, more agile and our brains have better recall and flexibility. That’s why people are willing to put themselves in stressful work situations or engage in extreme sports. The problem is that uncontrolled, stress can leave us frozen to the spot and unable to think – something all
Some may remember the deadly book of Aristotle that plays a vital part in the plot of Umberto Eco’s 1980 novel The Name of the Rose. Poisoned by a mad Benedictine monk, the book wreaks havoc in a 14th-century Italian monastery, killing all readers who happen to lick their fingers when turning the toxic pages.
Consider this: right now, you are not where you think you are. In fact, you happen to be the subject of a science experiment being conducted by an evil genius. Your brain has been expertly removed from your body and is being kept alive in a vat of nutrients that sits on a laboratory bench.